Who faces infertility?
It is a general belief that getting pregnant should not be an issue. However, there are many couples today battling with infertility. Contrary to popular belief, there's only a limited 25% chance of a woman conceiving during her monthly cycle.
When a couple has been together for at least a year without conceiving, concerns of infertility are raised. The tendency is for men to put all the blame on the woman but in reality, both men and women can suffer from infertility.
A man can be declared male if he has not been able to impregnate a woman after at least one year of frequent sexual activity. Infertility in men is caused mostly by environmental factor, hormonal changes and lifestyle choices. Sometimes the testicles lose their ability to produce sperm and this can be difficult to treat. Never the less, there are many available cures for infertility cause by other factors.
Hormonal changes could be as a result of failure of the brain to produce gonadotropin hormone or the pituitary to produce luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormones. Physical problems like damage sperm ducts and infections can also lead to poor quality sperms or low sperms count. Behavioral problems like erectile dysfunction can also be contributing factors.
Just like in the case of a man, a woman who has not gotten pregnant after at least a year constant sexual activity may be considered to be infertile. There are two main reasons which could lead to a woman having problems with conceiving and these are ovulation disorders and problems with the fallopian tubes.
Problems with ovulation usually account for at least a third of all infertility problems in women. Fortunately more than two third of affect women will be treated without any complications. The different causes of ovulation disorder include Hormonal imbalance which may result in immature eggs, poor function of the hypothalamus and poor functioning of the pituitary gland, Premature menopause, scarred ovaries.
Tubal damage can result in adhesion in the fallopian tubes. This is mainly caused by the following: Infection, Ectopic pregnancy, congenital effects.
Treatment for infertility
Treatment options for infertility can be separated into those for men and those for women.
Treatment for men
There are many drugs that can be used to treat hormonal problems. If the hypothalamus is functioning properly, drugs can be used to stimulate the production of hormones to restore them to acceptable levels. Sometimes there may be need for hormone replacement to treat certain conditions creating infertility. Most physical problems can be fixed through surgical procedures.
Treatment for women
Treatment for women can range from drugs, surgery to in-vitro fertilisation. Laparoscopy can be used to repair damage to tubes caused by disease. Medical therapy which involves the prescription of drugs is useful especially in cases of unexplained infertility. Assisted reproductive techniques like in-vitro fertilisation can be used to treat infertility in women.
There is more information available on the internet on infertility. For more information on infertility and what can be done to help it, grab a copy of the ebook Pregnancy Miracle.